Jayant Kumar

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Science (SIMATS), Saveetha University Chennai, India

  • Research Article   
    Prevalence of Halitosis among Patients Who Smoke
    Author(s): Srijan Sunar* and Jayant Kumar

    Halitosis is the common term used to define an unpleasant or an offensive odor in expired air, regardless of whether it originates from oral or non-oral sources. Other terms include bad breath, foul breath, breath odor, foul smells, foetor ex ore, breath malodor, oral malodor or offensive breath. Halitosis can be caused by several intra-oral and extra-oral factors. Oral sources of halitosis mentioned in the literature are tongue coating, periodontal disease, extensive carious lesions with exposed tooth pulps, pericoronitis, mucosal ulcerations and diseases, impacted food and debris, unclean dentures, decreased salivary flow rate, and habitual mouth breathing, the latter especially in children. Halitosis is the general term used to describe any disagreeable odour in expired air, regardless of whether the odorous substances originate from oral or non-oral sources. Other names used are f.. View More»

    DOI: 10.18410/jebmh/2022/09.07.44

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