Author(s): Smiti Rani Srivastava1, Vaibhav Gupta2
Traumatic cataract is common presentation of penetrating and blunt ocular trauma in children. Ocular trauma is the leading cause of unilateral blindness all over the world. The incidence of ocular trauma varies in different parts of the world. From India, the reported incidence is 20.53%. Traumatic cataract causes significant blindness in paediatric populations particularly in developing countries.
The aim of the study is to evaluate the final visual outcome of the patients with traumatic cataract.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
We conducted a prospective study of 100 children from 4 to 16 years of age presenting in Outpatient Department of Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Kolkata, with traumatic cataract between April 2015 to March 2017. Detailed history, systemic and local examinations and relevant investigations done followed by medical and surgical intervention and patients were followed up till six months and final visual acuity recorded.
There was a male predilection with a male-to-female ratio 2.85:1.56 (56%) patients sustained penetrating trauma, while 44 (44%) were inflicted with blunt injury. Commonest causative agent was trauma with organic foreign bodies in 20 eyes (20%) followed by stones in 14 eyes (14%). Anterior segment was more involved than posterior segment. Final best corrected visual acuity after six months was better than or equal to 6/18 in 64 eyes (64%). The major early postoperative complications include anterior uveitis in 26 (26%) and corneal oedema in 8 (8%) patients, while late postoperative complication was posterior capsular uveitis in 36% patients.
Paediatric traumatic cataract can cause ocular morbidity. Timely and proper medical and surgical intervention can result in good visual outcome. The parents, caretakers and teachers have an important role to play in prevention by recognising hazardous situation and taking preventing measures.