Tamal Roy1, Suman Mukhopadhyay2, Pratip Kumar Kundu3
The pathology of unilateral nontraumatic sudden painless visual disturbances in young patients are usually limited to the retina, vitreous, optic nerve pathway, brain and often requires meticulous examinations and may produce a diagnostic dilemma. So, here we are trying to make a list of these diseases in a backward area according to frequency of occurrence, which may help in near future.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This study was done in the Outpatient Department (OPD) of Malda Medical College and Hospital, Malda, West Bengal, India, for one and a half year. Patients of 20-50 years age group who presented with sudden, painless, nontraumatic and unilateral visual disturbance were included. In case of bilateral disease, patients were included only if in the better eye, disease remained peripheral (disease should not involve the posterior pole on examination of fundus), patient had no complaint regarding vision of that eye and also on examination, no reduced visual acuity of that eye was found.
The frequency of occurrence of many diseases were as per the other available data, but we got increased frequency of Central Serous Chorioretinopathy (CSCR).
To know the exact cause of this, further studies are required. Rapid urbanisation leading to mental stress of young population maybe a related factor.