Abstract

THE INCIDENCE OF INHERITED MALFORMATIONS AND ITS ALLIANCE WITH CONSANGUINEOUS MARRIAGES IN A TRIBAL MEDICAL COLLEGE SNCU, RIMS, ADILABAD

Author(s): Suryakant Sayanna Mundlod, Smita Marotirao Thakkarwad

BACKGROUND Inherited anomalies are a chief cause of stillbirths and neonatal fatality rates. The pattern and occurrence of innate anomalies might vary over time or with geological location. The aim of this study is to work out the proportion and kind of inherited anomalies in live newborns and to review maternal and perinatal risk factors and its correlation blood kinship. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this prospective hospital-based study, all the live born babies admitted in SNCU, throughout a 1-year duration of Jan 2017 to Dec 2017. The newborns were examined for the presence of congenital anomalies and mothers were interviewed for consanguine marriages. RESULTS During the study period, 1486 babies were admitted in SNCU; of those, twenty-two had congenital malformations, creating the prevalence 1.5%. Most of the ladies (62.7%) belonged to the age group between 21 and 30 years. Congenital anomalies were seen more predominately (2.8%) in the multiparas as compared comparison with primiparas (1.6%). The predominant system concern was gastro-intestinal (GI) system (27%). Musculoskeletal system (18.2%) followed by CHD (18.1%). Out of 1486 neonates, 401 (27%) were from kin marriages and 1085 (73%) were from non-familial marriages. CONCLUSION Public awareness regarding preventable risk factors is to be created and early prenatal diagnosis and management of common anomalies is powerfully recommended.