Somashekhar Virupakshyya Hiremath1, Shahajahan Chimansab Nadaf2

Tuberculosis is one of the common diseases in developing countries, extrapulmonary tuberculosis is common in gastrointestinal system. Surgical intervention is required along with chemotherapy, ultrasonography and tissue biopsy of available tools to diagnose the abdominal tuberculosis. Surgical approach is mandatory when complication of abdominal tuberculosis present. This study is done to overcome the complications of abdominal tuberculosis and its management. The aim of the study is toa) Evaluate the incidence of the disease with regard to age, sex and socioeconomic status. b) Evaluate the different modes of presentation and its clinical features. c) Evaluate different varieties of abdominal tuberculosis. d) Evaluate role of investigation, procedure to diagnose the abdominal tuberculosis. e) Evaluate the different modalities of treatment to the different presentation of abdominal tuberculosis.
Cases of abdominal tuberculosis admitted in KIMS, Karwar, a tertiary care government hospital from January 2014 to December 2015 have been taken for the study. A total of 100 cases taken off for the study.
63% of the cases presented with adhesive variety of peritoneal tuberculosis present with cocooning. On suspension of tuberculosis, laparotomy was done. Peroperatively, there was multiple tubercular adhesions and were adherent to abdominal wall, few cases were suspicion of the appendicular mass, mesenteric lymph node enlargement with multiple tuberculous, mesenteric lymph nodes were seen and ATT put on tissue diagnosis cases.
In our study, 100 cases were analysed for the clinical study of abdominal tuberculosis admitted in our hospital. Out of 100 patients, 54 were treated conservatively and 46 patients were treated by surgical intervention. In our study, preponderance of female population age group between 20 to 40 years of low socioeconomic status and most of them are from rural areas. Majority of patients presented with subacute intestinal obstruction and ascitic form. Coexistences of pulmonary tuberculosis were presented in 19 patients out of 100 cases.