Harsha D. S1, Vishnu Sharma Moleyar2, Alka Chaitra Bhat3, Vinaya Kumar Jogondra4, Suyog Saligramma Yoganna5, Muhammed Faseed C. H6, Sharath Babu S
Bronchogenic carcinoma is a leading cause of cancer related deaths, more than Colon cancer, breast cancer and prostate cancer combined. Chest computed tomography (CT) chest is widely used for diagnosis, part of staging, planning treatment and monitoring. The type and distribution of lesion in chest CT may give a fair idea regarding the nature and histology of lesion.
Aims and Objectives- To study the chest CT patterns of bronchogenic carcinoma and to correlate the patterns with histological cell type.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
It was a hospital based retrospective study involving 101 patients aged 35-80 years with histologically diagnosed bronchogenic carcinoma patients over a period of five years. Chest CT patterns were studied and compared to histology. Statistical analysis was done by chi square test.
Mass lesions formed 88.1% of cases (p value 0.0001), which was significant. This was followed by solitary pulmonary nodule (5.9%), consolidation (2.97%) and cavitatory lesion (2.97%). 52% of mass lesions were located in both upper lobes and this was significant (p value 0.0001) Adenocarcinoma was the most common cell type. There were 6 (5.94%) solitary pulmonary nodules. Among solitary pulmonary nodules majority were adenocarcinoma (83.33%). 2.97% with cavitating malignancy, all were squamous cell carcinoma.
Upper lobe mass lesion is the most common presentation of bronchogenic carcinoma in computed tomography of chest. Solitary pulmonary nodules are commonly located in upper lobes. Adenocarcinoma is the commonest cell type. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common cause for cavitating bronchogenic carcinoma and common on right side. Adenocarcinoma is overall most common cell type.