Rocket Chandra Brahma1
In the present scenario, road traffic accidents have become a major cause of human mortality and morbidity. Accidents are increasing at alarming rates in India. The objective of our study was to assess the socio-demographic profile of road traffic accident victims admitted in a tertiary care setting, and to assess the pattern of injuries.
The present study is prospective and analytical hospital based study.
The present studies show that more than 70% of the victims are in the age group of below 45 years (n=3196) and with male preponderance. Out of 14364 accident patients visiting the emergency department of Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, 4953 patients were admitted. The majorities of the patients (n=2995) were admitted in surgery department and 1586 in orthopaedic department.
Several factors are responsible for causing road accidents such as drunk driving, lack of awareness of traffic rules, non-adherence to safety measures. To reduce morbidity and mortality following road accidents, comprehensive policy has to be adopted by the government.