M. Balachandra Naidu1, Ch. Ratna Kumar2, Kiranmai3
Type 2 diabetes mellitus results from body’s ineffective use of insulin. Type 2 diabetes comprises the majority of people with
diabetes around the world and is largely the result of excess body weight and physical inactivity. It has been found that
impaired glucose tolerance is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Increase in physical activity and
modification of diet can delay the progress of the disease.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Sixty patients diagnosed to be impaired glucose tolerance test as per WHO criteria were included in this study. They were
divided into two group thirty each. Control group were also received advice about diet and exercise, but intervention group
were followed regularly and individually.
In the intervention group, there was significant reduction in all the parameter and progress to type 2 diabetes mellitus in
intervention was 6.7% as compared to 26.7% in control group.
We would like to conclude from the result of our study that type 2 diabetes mellitus can be prevented or delayed in subject
with impaired glucose tolerance. In our study, we found that in the intervention group, the progress of impaired glucose
tolerance to type 2 diabetes mellitus was decreased in comparison to control group and all the parameter was reduced to near
normal value in intervention group.