P. Ravikaladhar Reddy1, Kekathi Vidya Sagar 2, S. Chandrasekhar3, P. Nagaraja Ramesh4
Pericardial effusion is perhaps one of the most commonly overlooked clinical conditions and definite establishment of etiological agent is not always easy, successful or satisfactory. In this study, 50 cases of pericardial effusion admitted in Medical wards were analysed with emphasis on pattern of age and gender distribution, clinical presentation and etiology. The incidence of pericardial effusion common in age group between 21-40 years. The incidence of pericardial effusion is more in males. In the present study, the youngest patient is 15 year old and the oldest is 62 year old. Breathlessness being commonest symptom and raised JVP Is commonest sign. 60% of cases are of tuberculosis etiology, 15% are due to uremia and malignancy each, and 5% due to collagen vascular disease.