Author(s): Hemlata Mujalda, Sushma Aharwal
Radiology plays an important role in detecting breast lesion, which is one of the most leading cause of death in female from 40- 44 yrs. Mammography along with sonography plays an important role in early diagnosis, differentiation and detection of breast mass before advancement of the lesion.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This prospective study was conducted in the Department of Radiodiagnosis, NSCB Medical College and Hospital, Jabalpur, in 2012-2013.The study included patients referred for sonomammographic examination of breast from surgery department. Study to be done on 50 patients.
Results of 50 cases were recorded for observation. The study group consisted of all the patients in the age group ranging from 15 to 70 years of age. The total benign and malignant lesions constituted 62% and 38% of total lesions, respectively. Most of the benign mass observed in cases were in less than 40 years of age, whereas majority of the malignant masses were seen in cases older than 40 years. Maximum number of benign breast lesions were fibroadenoma (40%) followed by fibrocystic disease (14%), breast abscess (4%), duct ectasia (2%) and phylloid tumour (2%). Most of malignant lesions were intraductal carcinoma (34%) and lobular carcinoma in situ (2%).
From this study, it was noted that depending upon the sonomammographic appearance of the lesions, the vascularity of the lesions and anatomical locations within breast can be diagnosed easily and accurately.