Abstract

SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE AND TYPE OF HEARING LOSS IN CSOM FROM A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL FROM A RURAL AREA

Author(s): Mohammad Khalid Farooqui1, Ruby Naz2, Ashok Kumar3, Mayank Yadav4, Ashish Arora5, A. K. Malik6

INTRODUCTION
CSOM is a prevalent infection in children. Commonly cause by micro-organism like bacteria fungi or virus It can cause mild to moderate hearing loss.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE
To find out the socio-demographic status of CSOM and common type and degree of hearing loss in CSOM in Mewat region.
METHODOLOGY
This study was conducted prospectively in department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery of SHKM GMC Nalhar, Mewat, Haryana, from January 2013 to December 2015. We studied 851 cases of CSOM age range from 10 to 60 years and excluded intracranial complications if any.
RESULT
In our study maximum patients from 10 to 18 years with lower socioeconomic group with dirty habits of ear picking and 67.5% patients suffered from bilateral hearing loss. In all age group males were predominantly affected with 41-55dB hearing loss.
CONCLUSION
CSOM is more common in people resides in poor living condition, lower socioeconomic group and recurrent upper respiratory infection. Hearing loss was more commonly conductive type in CSOM with bilateral involvement and predominantly affected male than female. Mewat is a backward area which needs more health facility to avoid this type of hearing impairment.