Abstract

SEMINOGRAM IN MALE PARTNERS OF INFERTILE COUPLES ATTENDING INFERTILITY CLINIC IN CALICUT, KERALA

Author(s): Priya Narayanan1, Sonalica Suresh2

BACKGROUND
Rising trends of male factor infertility has been reported worldwide. Lifestyle, food habits and even cell phone usage has been implicated in this. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of seminal abnormalities in infertile men attending the infertility clinic.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A retrospective study of seminal parameters in male partners of infertile couples attending the infertility clinic in Institute of Maternal and Child Health, Calicut, between October 2015 and November 2016.
RESULTS
A total of 1072 semen analysis reports were reviewed. As per the reference standards set by the 2010 World Health Organization manual of semen analysis, normozoospermia was found in 4.9%, asthenoteratozoospermia in 56.6%, oligoasthenoteratospermia in 14.08%, severe oligoasthenospermia in 17.8% and azoospermia in 4.3%. Teratozoospermia was found in 1.58%.
CONCLUSION
Asthenoteratozoospermia was the commonest semen abnormality found in male partners of infertile couples. Severe male factor, that is, severe oligoasthenospermia and azoospermia together constitute around 22% of the abnormalities. Combined factor abnormalities are more prevalent than single factor abnormalities.

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