Abstract

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN QUALITY OF SLEEP AND RISK OF DEPRESSION- A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY IN CORPORATE EMPLOYEES

Author(s): Nikhil Sanjay Mankar1, Bhushan Bhagwan Mhetre2, Sumit Rampal Chandak3

BACKGROUND In developing countries, sleep disturbances and poor quality of sleep are unrecognized and neglected public health issues. Studies have shown that subjective sleep disturbance is a major risk factor for both first-onset and recurrent depressive episodes. We have studied corporate employees for their quality of sleep and depressive symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS A cross sectional study was done on 102 employees of a National Non-Banking Financial Institute in Pune using socio-demographic proforma and self-reporting measures like Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Centre for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D). RESULTS Out of 102 employees, three (CES-D score >40) were excluded from further analysis. Thirty-six (36.36%) individuals were found to be at risk of depression. Poor sleep quality (Latency, disturbance, daytime dysfunction) except duration of sleep, was significantly associated with increased risk of depression. CONCLUSION Poor sleep quality is important risk factor for depression.