Author(s): Prakash M. D1, Shreeharsha Maruvala2, Puneeth P. J3, Akshatha Shivakumar4, Siddiq M. Ahamed5
It’s not uncommon to have complications for a surgical procedure even after taking meticulous care about do’s and don’ts. Retained foreign objects (RFO) are one of the underreported complications for obvious reasons of legal issues.[1,2,3,4] It can be either surgical instruments or surgical sponges or cotton balls. They are called as Gossypiboma, textiloma. The term "gossypiboma" is derived from the Latin gossypium (“cotton wool, cotton”) and the suffix -oma, meaning a tumor or growth, and describes a mass within a patient's body comprising a cotton matrix surrounded by a foreign body granuloma. "Textiloma" is derived from textile (surgical sponges have historically been made of cloth), and is used in place of gossypiboma due to the increasing use of synthetic materials in place of cotton.