M. Gopal Kishan1, Sheetal Baldava2, Jitha Vinay Reddy3

INTRODUCTION: Viral conjunctivitis is most commonly seen in the outpatient department. A variety of viruses which are responsible for conjunctival infection, of which Adenovirus is the most common. It is highly contagious during the first 2 weeks of infection. It can cause corneal involvement within 4-5 days after the onset of symptoms. Corneal lesions range from SPK (Superficial Punctate Keratitis) to epithelial defects. These corneal lesions may cause intense photophobia and impairment of vision.

AIM: To find out the commonest etiological agent, to study the clinical features and complications related to it.

METHODOLOGY: This study was carried out prospectively. 100 patients who came to outpatient department between October 2013 to October 2014 were enrolled in the study. All the age groups and both the genders were included. Patients underwent slit lamp examination and were diagnosed clinically. 25 cases were submitted for Gram staining and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) study to know the type of virus and serotype.

RESULT: 100 patients were diagnosed with viral conjunctivitis and were kept on follow up. 21percent of patients developed SPK. Adenovirus 8 was found to be more common than other viruses.

CONCLUSION: The present study showed Adeno virus to be the most common etiological agent causing viral conjunctivitis and complications like subepithelial opacities and diminished vision.