Nataraj H. G1, Sreelatha S2, Ramya S3
Thyroid disorder is second most common endocrine disorder in pregnancy. Hypothyroidism is more common in women in their reproductive age. Subclinical hypothyroidism is one of the type of thyroid disorders with incidence of 2-5%. The present study is to know the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy.
METHODS: A prospective study conducted in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ESIMC PGI MSR Bangalore, Karnataka. Data collected from One Hundred Fifty pregnant women attending antenatal checkup in our hospital in first trimester. According to Endocrinology society thyroid function test is done, if TSH is high then FT3, FT4 values are estimated. Normal value for TSH is 0.1-2.5IU/ml in 1st trimester.
RESULT: In our study out of 150 women, Primi are 85 in number and Multie are 65 in number, Women with subclinical hypothyroidism is 20. Prevalence of hypothyroidism in our study is 13%.
CONCLUSION: Universal screening of thyroid disorder is necessary during pregnancy to prevent fetal and maternal morbidity associated with subclinical hypothyroidism.