Prevalence of Radiopaque Lesions in the Panoramic Radiographs Taken At Private Dental College - A Retrospective Study

Author(s): Baala Vignesh A, Sneha* and Vivek Narayan

Aim: The aim of this study is to find out the prevalence of radioopaque lesions seen in panaromic radiographs and evaluate the different radiographic techniques used for the identification.

Introduction: The rootcanal system encourages the colonisation and proliferation of microbes and the bacteria and their products provides stimulus for inflammation of the region. Radioopaque lesions presents itself in a localized area of bone sclerosis that forms in response to a low - grade inflammatory stimulus. Radiographic examination shows an area of opacification surrounding the apex of the inflamed tooth. This study was done to evaluate the prevalence of radiopaque lesions in the dental clinic

Material and Method:The study was conducted in Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, with patients visiting for a period between march 2021 and june 2021. Two examiners were involved in the study. Total of 66 patients took part in the study out of with 34 were male and 32 were females. The obtained data was entered in Ms Excel spreadsheet and the tabulated data was subjected to statistical software IBM SPSS version 20.0. Descriptive inferential statistics were done. Chisquare test applied and the p value was set at p < 0.05.

Result: The most common type of radiographic investigation used was RVG followed by OPG and CBCT. On comparing gender and area of radioopaque lesions, study revealed that 10 female patients and 38 male patients had radioopaque lesions in the upper anterior tooth region. 2 female and 1 male patient showed radio opaque lesions in the upper posterior region. 1 female and 9 male patient showed in the lower anterior region and 1 female and 4 male patients showed in the lower posterior region.

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