Bindu Philip1, Shirly Kurian2
The most common cause of anovulatory infertility is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. It affects approximately 6.6% of women who are reproductive aged. The aim of the study was to clinically predict the parameters which result in live births in pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This was a double blinded, randomised clinical study. 500 infertile women patients with PCOS were divided into three groups namely Group A: (n=167) Placebo plus Clomiphene citrate, Group B (n=166) Placebo plus metformin and Group C: (n=167) Combination of Clomiphene citrate and Metformin.
Among the three groups, there was no significant difference in the baseline characteristics. In all three groups, baseline free androgen index, proinsulin levels, treatment interaction with body mass index, duration of conception were predictors significantly. A modified hirsutism score of less than 8 was also predictive in conception, live births and pregnancy. Age was another predictive factor in ovulation, age less than 34 was predictive factor in pregnancy and live births.
To counsel and select treatments for infertile women with PCOS, body mass index, proinsulin levels, hirsutism, duration of conception can be used as predictive factors.