Practices of Healthy Lifestyles in the Prevention of Non - Communicable Disease and Associated Factors among Adult Residences of North Shoa Zone Oromia Region, Ethiopia 2021


Tadesse Nigussie, Elsabeth Legesse*, Derara Girma, Leta Adugna, Hiwot Dejene, Berhanu Senbeta Deriba, Tinsae Abeya, Abera Worku, Dejene Hailu, Firanbon Teshome, Gachana Midaksa, Mekonnin Tesfa and Andualem Gezahgn

Background: Morbidity and mortality from preventable, NON - Communicable Chronic Disease (NCD) affect the health of populations and the economy. The rising prevalence of Non – Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in Low and Middle - Income Countries (LMICs) needs critical attention. Assessing the practice of a healthy lifestyle has a significant impact in decreasing the incidence and prevalence of these diseases.

Objective: To assess practices of healthy lifestyles to prevent NCDs and associated factors among adult residences of North Shoa Zone Oromia region 2021

Methods: A community based cross sectional was conducted among adult populations (above 18 years). The study was conducted among urban residences of the North Shoa Zone Oromia Region from April 01 to May 30 / 2021. The multistage sampling technique was used to select the study participants. The data was entered into the Epi - data manager version and data was exported to SPSS version 23 for analysis. The bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were done to see the association between dependent and independent variables.

Results: A total of 823 participants responded giving a response rate of 97.3 %. The mean age of the respondent was 31.83 ± 11.04 years of the total 443 (53.8 %) were female. About 31.5 % of respondents had adequate practices for NCDs prevention. Factors associated with the adequate practice of NCD prevention were attending secondary education (AOR = 2.12, 95 % CI: 1.01 -4.44), attending above secondary school (AOR = 2.73, 95 % CI: 1.38 - 5.41) getting information from health professionals (AOR = 2.30, 95 % CI: 1.42 - 3.74) and adequate knowledge of NCDs (AOR = 19.54, 95 % CI: 11.49 - 33.21).

Conclusion: Practices towards NCD prevention are low in the study area.