Latha Hariharan1, Shalini S2
Analysis of clinical profile, the objects of injury and various ocular structures involved causing penetrating injury of the eye in a tertiary eye care centre in South India.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
It was an analytical prospective study.200 patients who presented with penetrating injury of the eye were studied at our institution for a period of 1 year. All the cases were handled like an ocular emergency. Each patient was evaluated in the following manner, which began with eliciting the detailed history and recording the visual acuity at the time of presentation. A thorough examination of the patients were conducted by examining the eye. The findings were meticulously recorded.
In our study, the incidence of penetrating injury was more in age group of 10-30 years, which accounted to 60% of the study population. Male preponderance was observed. Penetrating injury was more common in the rural population with incidence of 68%. Right eye was mostly affected. Regarding the structural involvement, cornea was the most common ocular structure involved following penetrating injury followed by the scleral involvement, which accounted for 65.5% and 53.1%, respectively.
Involvement of the iris, ciliary body, lens and posterior segment shows a grave prognosis and functional recovery was poor. Most of the patients were affected due to the carelessness among the young population.