Abstract

PATTERN OF EXTRA PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS AS SEEN IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTER IN SOUTH INDIA

Author(s): Supriya Adiody1, Sivakumar Ponnu2, Jiji Panakkal Saji3

BACKGROUND
Tuberculosis is one of the major infectious diseases affecting the global population. It ranks alongside HIV as a leading cause of death worldwide. Around 9.6 million people were estimated to be suffering from TB in 2014, out of which 480000 were cases of multi drug resistant TB (MDR-TB).
Tuberculosis most commonly affects the lungs. It can involve almost any organ system of the body, the so called extra pulmonary TB. EPTB possess a diagnostic challenge for the clinicians because of lack of specific and usual symptoms of cough. In this study, we have analysed the pattern of EPTB in our center.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
It was a prospective observational study. 60 patients suffering from EPTB were included and these patients were selected on basis of radiological or histological confirmation of TB with or without AFB positivity source of data included physician prescribing records, patient medication profile, laboratory investigations and presentations. Study was conducted over a period of one year. Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) and HIV were excluded.
CONCLUSION
Maximum number of patients were in the age group of 21 to 40 years. Males predominantly suffered from the disease. Lymph node TB was the commonest form of EPTB followed by pleural effusion
RESULTS
There was a slight male preponderance. Lymph node was the commonest site of involvement in EPTB, followed by pleural effusion.