Abstract

OESOPHAGEAL CARCINOMA PROFILE- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Author(s): Premaletha Narayanan1, Asif Anchamparuthy Saifudhin Ashraf2, Anish Philip3

BACKGROUND
Oesophageal cancer is a serious malignancy with regards to mortality and prognosis. It is a growing health concern that is expected to increase in incidence over the next 10 years. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common histological type of oesophageal cancer worldwide with a higher incidence in developing nations. With the increased prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease and obesity in developed nations, the incidence of oesophageal adenocarcinoma has dramatically increased in the past 40 years.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Retrospective study was conducted to study the clinical profile of patients presented with oesophageal carcinoma at Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, India, during January 1, 2015, to December 31, 2016. 104 subjects who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled. Data were collected from the records.
RESULTS
Out of 104 subjects enrolled in the study, 78 (75%) were males, rest 26 (25%) were females. 73% of the patients with oesophageal carcinoma were above 60 years. 79.8% patients presented with dysphagia. 87.5% cases had squamous cell type lesions. More than 75% of the lesions were in the mid and lower oesophagus. Noduloulcerative type was the most common morphologic presentation.
CONCLUSION
Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common oesophageal carcinoma in our institution. Majority of the lesions are located in the mid and lower oesophagus and are well differentiated.