Need for Adjunct Orthodontics in Young Patients Reporting to the Dental Outpatient Department


Rithanya P, Sumathi Felicita A

INTRODUCTION Adjunct orthodontics is the tooth movement carried out to facilitate other dental procedures necessary to control the disease, restore function or enhance the appearance of the tooth and the surrounding tissues. It can facilitate treatment in necessary ways such as contemporary prosthodontics, rehabilitation of hypodontia as an adjunct therapy to periodontitis, surgical adjunctive procedure for accelerating any orthodontic treatment.

AIM Aim of the present study was to assess and analyses the need for adjunct orthodontics in patients reporting to the dental outpatient department in a university setting.

MATERIALS AND METHOD Data collection was done using a patient management system. It is a recording system of all the data related to the medical and dental history of the patients and the treatment done in Saveetha dental college. The inclusive criteria for the present study included distal tipping, mesial tipping, migration and supraeruption and the exclusive criteria included patients name, age and gender. The overall data was filtered and only the inclusive criteria mentioned above were finally taken for evaluation. The collected data is analyzed using SPSS IBM (Chi square test).

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION In the present study, it was found that 7 % of the cases from the overall study population reported with supraeruption, 12 % reported with distal tipping, 16 % were found to be migration, 25 % of mesial tipping and 40 % of the cases were found to be with no individual tooth abnormalities. It can be concluded that there are limited studies based on adjunct therapies in orthodontics. Further studies are further needed to introduce better treatment modalities.