Apoorva D1, Lalitha C2, Girish V. Patil3

ABSTRACT: Ankle joint (talocrural) is a hinge joint, formed by the lower end of tibia, its medial malleolus, together with the lateral malleolus of the fibula and inferior transverse tibiofibular ligament, forms a deep recess for the body of the talus. Ankle sprains are most common in athletes and in other sports like basketball, soccer, football and volleyball. Ankle sprains occur frequently during plantar flexion, adduction and inversion of foot. Injuries may be soft tissue tears or avulsion fractures. It is estimated that 15-20% of all sports injuries involve the ankle. The ligaments of the ankle joint are medial and lateral collateral ligaments. The lateral ligament has three discrete parts, Anterior Talofibular, Posterior Talofibular and Calcaneofibular ligaments. The length and width for PTFL was found to be 25.05mm and 5.88mm respectively. Right and left ankle values compared using the p- value of student t- test with the level of significance. There was no statistical significance between right and left ankle values obtained by dissection. The dimensions of lateral and medial collateral ligaments determined in this study are in general agreement with those reported by other investigators with minimal variations. This suggests that they are a reasonable reflection of population values present in the average population. The data represented in this study may be important when considering surgical repair or reconstruction of traumatized or attenuated collateral ligaments.