Archana Pathak1, Dilip Kumar Bhaumik2, Amitabh Kumar3
The main objective of study was to study the maternal and foetal outcome in forceps delivery, to study the maternal and foetal outcome in vacuum extraction and to study the complications of instrumental delivery.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This longitudinal observational (analytical) study was conducted in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital (AVBRH) at Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, from August 1, 2014, to July 31, 2016. Eighty cases of instrumental delivery were studied for maternal complications and foetal outcomes.
Foetal distress was single most indication in forceps delivery 22 (55%) whereas prolonged second stage was important indication for vacuum delivery 23 (57.5%). Forceps group 5 (12.5%) required prolonged hospital stay than vacuum group 1 (2.5%). Mean in forceps group is 7.3±1.18 and in vacuum 6.8±1.07.
Maternal and foetal outcome in instrumental vaginal deliveries suggests that encouraging instrumental vaginal deliveries may help to reduce the raised caesarean section rates. It is concluded here that both this application do not develop any complication in long run.