Garuda Rama1, Rajesh Kumar Sethi2, DVRB Raju3
Anaemia is the commonest nutritional deficiency disorder in the world and in India prevalence in pregnancy is 50-80%. It is a risk factor for preterm delivery, low birth weight, stillbirth and foetal anaemia.
The aim of the study is to find out correlation between maternal and cord haemoglobin and birth weight of newborn.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Prospective observational study of 150 pregnant women delivering in KIMS from December 2014 to June 2016 for antenatal and newborn haemoglobin and newborn weight.
Of 150 mothers, 89.33% are anaemic (24% mild, 44% moderate and 21.3% severe). The incidence of low birth weight and low cord haemoglobin varied directly with severity of anaemia. Out of 150 babies, 119 (79.3%) of babies had anaemia in our study. The mean haemoglobin among babies was 12.9 g/dL with a S.D. of 2.01.
A significant positive correlation with maternal haemoglobin and newborn weight and cord haemoglobin. Recommendation- Antenatal prophylaxis with iron and folic acid to prevent anaemia and incidence of low birth weight and infantile anaemia.