Author(s): Raseshkumar Rasiklal Vyas1, Himanshu Champaklal Soni2, Adarsh Chhaganbhai Bhalodia3, Dolubha Jilubha Sisodiya4
Orthopantomography plays a great role to categorise the lesion according to its location and relationship with respect to tooth. It is simple and cost effective. Orthopantomography can provide clue regarding the aggressiveness of the lesion and therefore a radiologist can provide an idea as to which lesion can be left alone and which lesion require therapy or surgery.
MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients with specific complaint pertaining to lower jaw, pain in the lower jaw, discharge from mouth, etc. were studied by orthopantogram examination. The machine use for the study is D. B. Troniks and the duration of the study is one year from January 2016 to December 2016.
A study of 50 patients were carried out at our institute having symptoms and sign pertaining to lower jaw. Maximum cases were found in fourth decade. Males were more affected than females. On radiographic features, most lesions were mixed followed by sclerotic and then lytic. Most common benign malignant lesion found in our studies was squamous cell carcinoma followed by multiple myeloma.
The orthopantomography examination is very useful and important diagnostic aid in diagnosis of these mandibular lesions, as it is a simple and nontraumatic procedure. Various mandibular lesions showing radiographic features like solid-cystic appearance, location, margins, internal architecture, bony expansion, cortical breach, effect of lesion on adjacent structures, etc. play an important role in diagnosis of these lesions.