KNOWLEDGE OF BLOOD TRANSFUSION AMONG THE NURSING STAFF IN A TERTIARY MEDICAL COLLEGE, BANGALORE

Abstract

Suma Dasaraju1, Seema Hegde Subraya2

BACKGROUND
The transfusion of blood products is essential for restoring the body’s oxygen transport capacity or replenishing lost or depleted blood components. Whether to transfuse a blood or not will be decided by a physician and remaining activities of blood collection to immediate management of transfusion will be taken care by the nursing staff. This study is done to know the knowledge of nursing staff about blood transfusion.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This study is conducted using the questionnaire. A modified routine blood transfusion questionnaire. All the nursing staffs working in a tertiary care hospital are included in the study. Nursing staffs are given the same questionnaire to answer both before and after a lecture on blood transfusion procedure and management. Their knowledge before and after lecture are compared.
RESULTS
Among the 100 participants, majority (77%) were in the age group of 20 to 24 years (Mean ± SD: 23.69 ± 3.25) and 88 were female participants. Majority had a work experience of 1 to 2 years (55%) mean ± SD:3.20 ± 2.57 and only 42 of 100 participants had participated in blood transfusion training programme. The assessment of knowledge of the participants before and after giving the lecture on blood transfusion procedure and immediate management of blood transfusion related reactions showed significant improvement of their knowledge after the training lecture (p value ?0.05).
CONCLUSION
There is a need for improvement of nursing staff knowledge on blood transfusion procedure and immediate treatment of transfusion-related complications through training programmes in hospital setup where they are working

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