Abstract

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE REGARDING DIABETIC RETINOPATHY AMONG GENERAL POPULATION OF SOUTHERN ODISHA: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

Author(s): Rama Kristna Sahu BACKGROUND Diabetes Mellitus is a global public health problem as its incidence is increasing worldwide due to changing life styles. Global prevalence of diabetes is 8.5% in adult population. 422 million people are living with diabetes worldwide, out of which 69.2 million diabetics live in India. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diabetic retinopathy among general population of southern Odisha. MATERIALS AND METHODS This cross-sectional study was conducted among general population of southern Odisha (n=254), attending the Ophthalmology OPD of MKCG Medical College and Hospital fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data was collected by means of filling up of pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire focusing on knowledge, attitude and practice towards diabetic retinopathy. RESULTS In our study population, males outnumbered females. (M-190 vs F-64) 57.08% were of middle-class SES and 53.54% belonged to rural community. The most important views regarding knowledge, attitude and practice were analysed. Data from 5-point Likert scale was pooled to dichotomous opinion. It showed that there is a strong association between gender and knowledge and attitude. (p<0.001) But no significant association between gender with practice was observed. Also, with respect to attitude and practice, there was a highly significant association with habitat (p<0.001) but no significant difference in the knowledge regarding diabetic retinopathy among rural and urban population was observed. CONCLUSION There is a need for more awareness programs to be conducted among general population which would reduce ocular complications in diabetics leading to a better health.