Abstract

INTRODUCTION OF CASE BASED LEARNING IN OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY AT UNDERGRADUATE LEVEL OF TEACHING IN AN INDIAN MEDICAL SCHOOL

Author(s): Ram Lakhan Meena1, Rekha Harshvardhan2, Dwaraka Prasad Gupta3

BACKGROUND
This study was conducted to apply case based learning in undergraduate teaching of otorhinolaryngology at an Indian medical school and obtain the students’ perception on this approach of learning.
METHODS
Case based learning (CBL) was introduced in otorhinolaryngology teaching on the current batch during final MBBS part I over a period of 3 months for 5 topics. Students’ perception was obtained, then after using a pre-validated questionnaire incorporating responses based on 1 to 5 Likert scale, which were analysed statistically in the form of percentages and proportions.
RESULTS
145 students who had attended all the sessions of CBL participated in the study. More than half of the students enjoyed the CBL method and found it as interest generating with improved attention span. About two-thirds also felt that this method improved understanding, increased retention and were in favour of incorporation of this method in day-to-day teaching.
CONCLUSION
A balanced and well-planned collaboration of traditional and case based learning methods may prove an effective teaching methodology in Otorhinolaryngology at undergraduate level.

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