Author(s): G. Raja Lakshmi1, D. Jyothsna2
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In these days of smaller families and the obstetrician having to share the onus of giving a healthy child capable of independent existence as well as to ensure that the population is limited for further progress of this developing country, the estimation of foetal maturity assumes greatest practical importance. As means to achieving the end, estimates of foetal maturity have been done by various clinical and laboratory methods of which assessment of amniotic fluid index assumes importance. The objective is to study the correlation of amniotic fluid index on foetal outcome at term gestation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on two hundred antenatal women who attended the institute of obstetrics and gynaecology at a Government Hospital for Women and Children in Visakhapatnam from Jan 2014 to Jan 2015. It is a comparative prospective study comparing 100 cases of Oligohydramnios (amniotic fluid index <5 cm) as study group with 100 cases of normal (amniotic fluid index >5 cm) as control group
RESULTS: Perinatal outcome was inferred by noting the various parameters and Statistical Analysis was done by applying the chisquare (x2) test and the value of probability was taken.
CONCLUSION: The goal of antepartum fetal surveillance is to identify the fetus at increased risk. Amniotic fluid volume has been proved as an indirect measure of feto-placental function and hence the estimation of amniotic fluid volume assists the obstetrician in risk assessment.