Incidence of Microvascular Complications in Newly Diagnosed Diabetes Mellitus


Vallabhapurapu Varun Mitra, Tilak Ram, Doddi Neusha, Shraddha Sanghani, Yarrapothu Anusha, Nishat Tanvi

BACKGROUND We wanted to determine the prevalence of various microvascular complications in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at initial presentation. METHODS A cross sectional descriptive study involving 100 patients was carried out over a period of 2 years at Mediciti Institute of Medical Sciences, Medchal. All the recruited 100 patients underwent detailed evaluation for the presence of diabetic microvascular complications like retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy. RESULTS At initial presentation of newly detected diabetic patients, prevalence of all the microvascular complications was 51%. Prevalence of retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy was found to be 29%, 28% and 20% respectively. HbA1c was found to have significant association with various microvascular complications at the initial diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. There was significant association between presence of hypertension and diabetic nephropathy in newly diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes. CONCLUSIONS There is high prevalence of various diabetic microvascular complications at initial diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Regular screening programs are warranted to detect diabetes mellitus in asymptomatic stage to prevent or delay diabetic complications.