E. Vanaja Reddy1, M. Nagalakshmi2, V. Sridevi3
Abnormal uterine bleeding is the most common complaint in gynaecology and an important source of morbidity. This study evaluates the usefulness of hysteroscopy in the diagnosis of abnormal uterine bleeding in comparison to dilatation and curettage in reproductive age group.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Between September 2011 to July 2013, women with AUB attending Gynaec OP were subjected to hysteroscopy and subsequent dilatation and curettage. Data was collected and analysed.
AUB was more common in 30-34 yrs. The most common presenting complaint was menorrhagia. Normal hysteroscopic view was seen in 50% cases. Abnormalities seen were endometrial hyperplasia, polyps, submucous myoma synechiae and rue. Both hysteroscopy and curettage gave specificity of 70%, but the ability to diagnose focal lesion (sensitivity) was more with hysteroscopy in comparison to curettage 70 vis. 36. 43 patients had the same tissue diagnosis in both hysteroscopy and curettage. Hysteroscopy revealed more information than curettage in 42% and curettage had more information in 15% cases, 100% accuracy was seen in case of myoma, IUCD, adhesions and polyps with hysteroscopy.
This study confirms the conclusion of many others that hysteroscopy is superior to dilatation and curettage in evaluating patients with abnormal uterine bleeding.