Shiva Subramanyam1, Abdul Razaak2, Ilyas Ahmed3, Krishna RPSC4, Prabhakar Rao5
In pregnant women, hypertension is one of the common causes of mortality and morbidity in Indian women.
We conducted a study on four hundred and sixteen pregnant women consisting of 202 primigravidae, 148 gravidae 2 and 66 multigravidae. We screened these pregnant women for hypertension between January 2015 to July 2015 at Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences and Fathima Institute of Medical Sciences(FIMS), which are tertiary care hospitals catering most of the rural areas of Hyderabad & Kadapa Districts.
Hypertension was noted in 34 (8.2%) of pregnant women. Majority of pregnant women in the study population were primigravidae (48.56%). Nearly 80% of hypertensive pregnant women were primigravidae. 88.24% developed hypertension in III trimester. Complication like preeclampsia was seen in 23.52%.
We conclude that pregnancy-induced hypertension is the common variety of hypertension in pregnant women. It is commonly seen in primigravidae who are exposed to the trophoblastic tissue for the first time.