Author(s): Manda Venkata Vijayasekhar 1, Isukapalli Vani2, Veeramachineni Manoja3
Birth defects (also called congenital anomalies) are defined as abnormalities of both structures or functions that are present at birth and are of prenatal origin. They contribute to a significant proportion of perinatal, neonatal & childhood mortality as well as morbidity.
To study at birth, prevalence of selected birth defects among babies delivered at King George Hospital, Visakhapatnam, from Jan 2015 to December 2015, appropriate management strategy of the most common neural tube defects.
Among the total deliveries of 6088 in the above period, the incidences of birth defects were 88 (1.44%), the most common among them were neural tube defects.
Birth defect surveillance and standardisation of the data is essential to understand the public health burden and to design appropriate prenatal prevention programs.