Author(s): Archana V 1 , Venkatraman J 2 , Dhananjay S. Kotasthane 3 , Kannan R 4
Gastric tumors is one of the leading cause of death in developing countries like India. Gastric carcinoma is fourth most common tumor in the world accounting for 11%. AIM To determine the occurrence of gastric tumors and its correlation with variables like age, gender distribution and anatomical site in a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS This was a descriptive study of gastric tumors which included all gastric Biopsies/specimens diagnosed on histopathology from May 2009 to May 2013. RESULTS Total 65 gastric tumours were observed, representing 6.22% of all tumours during study period. Out of these, 60 cases were malignant and 5 cases were benign. Benign cases constitute around 1.01% of all benign tumours and commonest being hyperplastic polyps. In malignant tumours all cases were adenocarcinoma except one case of gastric Carcinoid and lymphoma. Gastric tumours showed a peak incidence in the 7 th decade of life. Mean age at presentation was 62.2 years in males and 46.6 years in females. The male to female was 1.6:1. Gastric antrum was the commonest site of presentation of the lesion. Tubular variant of adenocarcinoma is the commonest with 76.7% followed by mucinous adenocarcinoma. Moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma and stage II carcinomas was commonly observed in our study. CONCLUSION Malignant gastric tumors were more common than benign tumors. Adenocarcinoma–tubular type was the most common malignancy, with pyloric antrum being the commonest site. Gastric carcinomas were seen in earlier age in females than in males.