Histopathological Spectrum of Dermatological LesionsA Retrospective Study

Author(s): Bharadwaj Vedula1 , Sudhakar Raksha2 , Srikanth Reddy K.3 , Sree Ramulu Naidu R.4

BACKGROUND Skin is the largest organ of the human body which protects the internal organs from external environmental stimuli and is vulnerable to a variety of infectious agents and trauma. The spectrum of skin disorders ranges from inflammatory to neoplastic lesions with distinct clinical features and also varies with demographic regions. This study aims to describe the histopathological spectrum of various skin lesions, their frequency, age, sex, and site of distribution of lesions among the outpatients visiting our hospital. METHODS The present study is a retrospective study carried out in the Department of Pathology, KIMS & RF, Amalapuram, AP, India. All the skin biopsies received in the histopathology section from January 2017 to December 2019 were included in the study. RESULTS Out of 280 cases, 197 cases with a definite histological diagnosis were included in the study. Majority of the cases belong to group VI (82 cases), followed by group II (40 cases), group V (28 cases) and group III (25 cases), group IV (14 cases), group VIII (5 cases) and group VII (3 cases). There were no cases in group I. There were 105 non-neoplastic lesions (53.29%) and 92 neoplasms (46.7%) in this study. Most of the skin lesions were in the 31 - 40 years age group without any obvious gender predilection.