N. Krishna Mohan1, Mohd. Khaja Raufuddin2, K. Gayathri Reddy3
Hydatid disease continues to be a common surgical condition in many rural parts of India, carrying a significant morbidity and mortality. Hydatid liver disease affects all age groups, both sexes equally, and no predisposing pathologic conditions are associated with infection. Echinococcosis, is a zoonosis that occurs primarily in sheep-grazing areas of the world Humans contract the disease from dogs, and there is no human-to-human transmission it is limited geographically to areas where close and continuous contact exists between domesticated carnivores such as the dog and ungulates such as cattle and sheep. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the incidence of important risk factors of contact history in the patients presented with abdominal hydatid disease and also treatment modalities followed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It is a prospective & analytic study was conducted by selection of patients admitted in the wards of the department of general surgery of a tertiary care hospital. Over a period of 1 year from January 2013 to January 2014 and followed for a period of 1 year. The data in the study was collected by the use of a pretested proforma to collect relevant information from individual patient, by a meticulous clinical examination and specific investigations of 12 cases for hydatid disease were studied. Majority of liver hydatid were treated by partial pericystectomy & enucleation with external tube drainage which is an optimum treatment in our institute, and a follow up for a minimum of 1 year was conducted after the treatment during the study period.