Author(s): Mohan Raj Manjalavil1, Reeba Mary Mani2, Shehadad Kammili3, Sreejith Kalathummarthu4, Hemalta Viswan5, Sooraj Rajagopal5, Shervin Sheriff7, Sreedevi Menon Parappil8
Lecture is the most common teaching aid not only for medical undergraduates, but also specialty residents. There are many disadvantages for this type of teaching. Active teaching methods include didactic lectures followed by interactive sessions, problem-based teaching and hands on demonstration apart from the traditional didactic lecture. The aim of this project was to compare the effectiveness of active teaching method over the didactic lecture to the first year residents of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Settings- Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department among first year residents.
Study Design- Educational intervention. Didactic lecture followed by active teaching method.
Statistical Analysis- Analysed using SPSS-16 package software.
Initially, the first year students were subjected to a pretest, which consists of ten single responses multiple choice questions regarding - “The Carpel Tunnel Syndrome.” This is followed by didactic lecture about the above topic. After this lecture, a post test was conducted with identical questions as the pretest. Then, an interactive session and hands on demonstration of confirming the carpel tunnel syndrome by nerve conduction studies were given. Following this, the same post test was then repeated.
The arithmetic mean value of pretest score was 3.5, which improved to 8.33 after the lecture session. After the live demonstration of nerve conduction studies, the mean value further increased to 9.8333. The ‘p’ value of the paired t-test after the lecture session was 0.000113, which is significant. The ‘p’ value after the live demonstration session was 0.008612, which is also significant.
The active teaching learning method is found to be more effective than the didactic lecture. Immediate and short-term gains are seen with such programmes.
Active Teaching Method, Didactic Lecture, Residents, Rehabilitation Medicine.