Anusha Singh, Shagufta Amin, Chhaya Shori*, Mani Kiran Kujur
BACKGROUND AND AIM
Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is a chronic sight threatening state and a major cause of blindness worldwide. It affects 10% of patients with diabetes. It is therefore important to intensively control the risk factors of DR to reduce the onset and progression of DR. The study is aimed to assess the correlation between severity of DR with lipid profile, BMI, HbA1c and blood pressure among the type 2 diabetic patients at the GMC and Hospital, Jagdalpur.
This was a prospective study involving 100 diabetic patients diagnosed with DR conducted over duration of six months. Retinal findings were correlated to serum fasting lipids levels, blood pressure, body mass index and HbA1c values.
This study included 100 participants with DR. Systolic blood pressure, Triglyceride levels and HbA1c were significantly associated with DR progression (0.015), (0.0009), (0.0090). Other parameters, including gender, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, total cholesterol levels, body mass index, age were not significantly associated with DR.
Elevation in serum triglyceride levels and systolic blood pressure and HbA1C showed a statistically significant association with diabetic retinopathy. Controlling these factors may help preventing progression and occurrence of diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients.