Abstract

CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY OF CARCINOMA CERVIX IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE

Author(s): Kartheek Botta Venkata Satya1, Jagadeeswari Suvvari2, Satish Kumar Seeram3, Bhagyalakshmi Atla4

BACKGROUND
Cancer cervix is the second most commonly-diagnosed cancer among women worldwide.
The aim of the study is to evaluate the histopathological diagnosis of cancer cervix and to determine the incidence of the various types of cancerous lesions.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
It was a prospective study in the Department of Pathology, Andhra Medical College/King George Hospital over a period of one year. 152 women with carcinoma cervix were included in the study.
RESULTS
152 cases of carcinoma of cervix were in the age group of 28-76 years. The mean age of the patients with carcinoma cervix is 52.97. Histologically, Large Cell Non-Keratinising Squamous Cell Carcinoma (LCNKSCC) constituted the majority of carcinoma cervix cases, i.e. 134 cases (88.15%). 3 (1.97%) cases of adenocarcinoma of cervix were diagnosed in the present study. Majority of cases of carcinoma cervix were in stage III, i.e. 64 cases (64%), followed by stage II in 24 cases (24%) and stage IB in 8 cases (8%).
CONCLUSION
Large Cell Non-Keratinising Squamous Cell Carcinoma (LCNKSCC) is the most common histological type of carcinoma cervix. A relatively large proportion of patients presented in stages IIIA and IIIB. There is a need to reinforce the early detection of carcinoma cervix and its precursor lesions, especially in developing countries.