Clinical and Laboratory Profile of Dengue Fever in Children in a Tertiary Care Centre in Mahabub Nagar, Telangana

Author(s): Patta Nagaveni1 , Manthena Jagadeesh Kumar2 , Kolla Venkata Subbarao3 , Anupati Jyothi4

BACKGROUND Dengue fever an arbovirus mediated infection, is emerging as one of the most important arthropod borne viral diseases in terms of morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study is to assess the clinical and laboratory pattern of dengue fever in children admitted in Govt. General Hospital, Mahabub Nagar, Telangana. METHODS This observational hospital-based study was conducted in Govt. General Hospital, Mahabub Nagar from Sept 2019 to Dec 2019. Children between the age group of 6 months to 12 years, who were NS1 antigen/ anti dengue IgM antibody positive during this period were included in our study. Clinical features, laboratory parameters and radiological features were studied and analysed. RESULTS Among 100 cases studied, majority were males (57%); major age group was 6 years to 10 years (58%). Fever was present in all patients. Among other symptoms, vomiting was the major symptom (40%) followed by myalgia (17%). Significant changes in platelet count [<1 lac (41%)] and radiological changes [gallbladder wall oedema (19%)] were observed. No deaths were recorded in our study. CONCLUSIONS Early diagnosis and supportive treatment are the corner stone for good recovery in dengue fever. Strong clinical suspicion, early diagnosis with rapid tests and careful management reduces morbidity and mortality.