Sarita Panda1, Prangya Panda2, B. N. R. Subudhi3
Glaucoma is the second most common cause of blindness worldwide and is responsible for 10% of blindness worldwide. Primary open angle glaucoma being more common than primary angle closure glaucoma.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
All patients underwent a comprehensive eye examination in our hospital which included slit-lamp biomicroscopy (stereoscopic examination of fundus and cup disc ratio by 78 diopter lens), visual acuity (illiterate E chart), IOP measurement by schiotz tonometry, gonioscopy using single mirror Goldmann contact lens ,dilated fundus examination, and perimetry in select cases using Humphrey 650 visual field analyser.
12 out of the 150 individuals (8%) screened were found to have POAG out of which 5 were females (7.7%) and 7 males (8.2%). All 12 patients were called for follow-up and perimetry was done which was found to be significant. IOP values were found to be at a higher range as age increased. No correlation was found between prevalence of POAG and sex. The correlation of visual acuity could not be commented due to lenticular opacities.
This screening helped to diagnose POAG in rural population. Furthermore, it is simple and non-expensive way to screen and create awareness.