Author(s): Sharique Ahmad, Amina Maqbool, Anshika Srivastava Sudarshana Gogoi
BACKGROUND The Neem tree (Azadirachta indica) growing in tropical and subtropical regions, is a native tree of India. Neem belongs to Meliaceae family, also known as a Limbo, Nim, Nimba, Medusa and Vempu. It is also called “village pharmacy“ of South Asia because of its enormous medicinal properties. Every part of Neem is so useful for the treatment of human disease. Various parts of the tree are well known for their medicinal properties which are prescribed by Ayurvedic, Siddha, and herbal medicine practitioners in India. Currently Azadirachta indica- Neem formulations are effective against a several diseases, ulcers, eczema, sores, burns, ulcers etc. It has been used in ayurvedic medicines for thousands of years because it exhibits therapeutic properties such as anti-viral, anti-fungal, anti-insecticidal, anti-bacterial, anti-allergic, anti-helminthic, anti-inflammatory and anti-dermatic properties. Approximately 135 different structural compounds have been identified from different parts of Neem tree for their beneficial effects.