Author(s): Jeevan H. R1, Basavanagowdappa H2, Vidya G. S3, Prasanna Kumar H. R4, Shashidhar K. C5, Amrit Nanaiah M. M6, Sunil Kumar S7
BACKGROUND Overweight and obesity have reached epidemic proportions globally with the adoption of westernised lifestyle. The prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes is showing a rapid progression worldwide, a phenomenon largely contributed by increasing prevalence of obesity, body mass index, waist circumference and waist-hip ratio have been shown to be associated with type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVES To study the association of anthropometric parameters like body mass index, waist circumference and waist-hip ratio as predictors of type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS This cross-sectional study included 125 cases of diabetes compared with 125 age and sex matched controls who visited the Medicine Outpatient Department of JSS Hospital, Mysore, for diabetic care, between November 2007 to June 2009 fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. RESULTS 57.1% of the diabetics had BMI in the overweight category and 22.2% were obese, while 41.1% of the controls were in the normal range whereas 51.6% of the female diabetics had BMI in the overweight range and 38.7% were obese, while 44.9% in the control group were in the overweight range and 33.3% had a normal BMI. CONCLUSION The present study demonstrated consistently strong associations of body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-hip ratio with diabetes.