Association between Halitosis and Systemic Co - Morbidities: A Retrospective Study


Kiran K and Jayanth Kumar vadivel*


Halitosis in older adults is a common condition that may have oral or non-oral sources, result from a number of different etiologies, and have more than just social consequences. In some cases, bad breath may reflect serious local or systemic conditions, including gingivitis, periodontal disease, diabetic acidosis, hepatic failure, or respiratory infection. As a dental practitioners our role is first to determine whether the odor has an oral or non - oral cause. Odors can be distinct in their quality and thus can help make this determination.

Materials And Methods

It is a single center retrospective study in a private dental institution samples were taken from the patients who checked in from June 2019 to March 2021, Reported to the dental hospital with data was collected, verified, tabulated and analyzed using SPSS by IBM version 2.0, the Chi square Test was performed to compare the data and check for its distribution. A total of 9 patients which included 2 females and 7 males were found from the dataset,

Result And Discussion

From the study results we can observe that Halitosis is more significant among male population, diabetes was found to be the most common systemic illness in both the populations, and however hypertension is also more commonly observed in males. However there was no association between any systemic illness and halitosis.


This study concludes that there is no association between halitosis and systemic co-morbidities. Diabetes is found to be most commonly occurring system in life that is associated with halitosis and that males are most commonly affected, and the age group between 30 to 50 years has highest prevalence.