CRITERIA Sanketh J, Vidyasagar C. R
BACKGROUND Thyroid hormones are major regulatory hormones and increase the rate of metabolic functions and may be associated with metabolic syndrome. The aim and objective of the study is to study thyroid function in patients with metabolic syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS A facility based cross-sectional study was carried out from JULY 2018 to October 2018 at Sri Devraj Urs Medical College, Kolar. Subjects of Age 18 years to 70 years, who fulfilled the criteria for metabolic syndrome by International Diabetic Federation (IDF) were taken in to the study. RESULTS In this study, total of 100 patients with metabolic syndrome were included. Of these 100 patients, 68 were males and 32 were females. Overall, 35% patients were in age group of 41-50 years and 43% in 51-60 years and the least number of patients in 31-40 years (22%). Of total 100 patients with metabolic syndrome, 19 of them symptoms related to hypothyroidism, 19 had goitre on examination. 11 had diffuse goiter and 2 patients had multinodular goiter. The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome was more in Thyroid dysfunction. CONCLUSION The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction is seen in 46% of the patients with metabolic syndrome studied. Subclinical hypothyroidism was more common than other thyroid dysfunction contributing 29% of the total study population. Present study suggests that hypothyroidism is known to be associated with metabolic syndrome and increases the risk for cardiovascular diseases therefore it should be considered as one of the new component in newly diagnosed metabolic syndrome patients in future.