Author(s): Shakuntala1, Yogesh G2
BACKGROUND: Organophosphorus (OP) compounds are the most common suicidal poison in developing countries and mortality continues to be high. The present study was aimed to know the pattern and outcome of the OP poisoning.
METHODOLOGY: A record based retrospective study from January 2013-December 2013 was Conducted in a tertiary care hospital and data regarding age, gender, domicile, type of poison, manner of poisoning, seasonal trends, marital status, motive behind poisoning, socio-economic status and outcome was collected in a pre-structured Performa. All data were documented, analyzed and interpreted as per the laid down protocol.
RESULTS: out of total 1575 cases of OP compound poisoning, 71.73% (1130) were male, 28.27% (445) were female, 34.6% were in the age group 21-30 years, 70.95% were of low socio-economic status, Occupation wise agricultural workers were on top of the list (70.07%), The commonest (93.78%) motive behind poisoning was suicidal in both males and females, Financial problem was one of the commonest (51.22%) reasons of poisoning. The mortality rate in our study was 13.47%
CONCLUSION: Young and adult males of Low socioeconomic class, rural, both literate and illiterate agriculturists commonly abuse this substance to commit suicide.