Author(s): Vijay Naik1, Niteesh Shanbag2, Bharathraj M. Y3
Abnormalities of lipid and hypertension usually coexist. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that cholesterol levels are significantly higher in hypertensive patients with demographically matched normotensive patients. Hence, this study was undertaken to study the demographic profile of hypertensive patient.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Present study was conducted at Karwar Institute of Medical Sciences, Karwar, in the Department of Medicine over a period of 6 months. Study included total 100 patients among, which 50 were hypertensives and 50 were normal subjects. All the subjects were aged between 30-80 yrs. All the subjects were estimated for lipid profile test, which included total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-C and VLDL-cholesterol. Statistical analysis for our study used was Z-Mann-Whitney Test.
Among 50 hypertensive cases, 16 patients (32%) were females and 34 patients (68%) were males with age group between 30-80 years. Mean values of TC, TGL and LDL-C, VLDL and TC/HDL-C ratio were higher among hypertensive patients as compared with normal subjects. However, HDL levels were less in hypertensive patients compared to normal subjects.
Higher numbers of patients of hypertension were seen in the 5th to 6th decade. Larger studies are necessary to identify other co-factors like diet, obesity, diabetes, smoking, alcohol, etc. in addition to the lipid profile under study.
Hypertension, Lipid Profile, Uttara Kannada, Cholesterol.