Santhini Arulselvi Kaliyaperumal1, Udaya Sankari Tamilarasan2, Kalaivannan J3, Indhu Priyadharshini Rajaraman4
Very few attempts have been put sincerely to study the morphometry of the cartilages of the talocrural joint. The sheer strain put on it by the weight of the adult is tremendous and so the structure to be studied is very interesting.
This weight bearing quality of the cartilage makes it susceptible to wear and tear and so the measurements that we might get in study may actually help the orthopaedic surgeon in reconstruction. Study in India on this topic is very limited and we use a lot of morphometric values from the western world. What we should understand is the fact that Indians are anthropologically different and it is time to study our own morphometric values, so that the values can be used by the orthopaedic surgeons and ultimately the patients get benefitted by this.
One hundred specimens were studied in the Department of Anatomy, Vinayaka Missions Medical College, Karaikal, Puducherry.
Morphometry of the articular surface in wet talus: The lateral length measurement is higher than the other length measurements. Articular surface is wider in front and narrows posterior. The measurements are similar on both sides. In males, the measurements are similar to that of females except females had significantly (p=0.043) longer anterior radius when compared to males in articulating surface of wet talus.
Morphometry of articulating surface of wet tibia: The lateral side measurement is higher than the other length measurements. The articular surface is wider in front and narrows posterior. The measurements are similar on both sides. The measurements are similar in both sexes.
Morphometry of articular surface in wet fibula: The measurements are similar on both sides. Measurements are similar in both sexes.
The morphometry of the cartilage has been successfully done and this may be of i mmense value to the surgeon in reconstruction works.